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Social harmony in Chinese society is a principle that is supposed to protect other principles like hierarchy and face. Instead of disagreement and discussion Chinese prefer to shirk arguments and evade in order to save their face or not to disrupt the hierarchy structure. Exchange of arguments only happens in case there is a mutual agreement. In case of disagreement the topic is changed to another one. The guiding principle is harmony not conflict.

Finger-pointing and criticism are not welcomed in Chinese society. Instead, it is much better to deliver suggestions for improvement, find solutions and to begin every criticism with praise. Criticism is often hidden or read between the lines. Often, conflict is avoided even if the person might be completely right or totally disagreeing.

According to Chinese belief, maintaining social harmony means maintaining cosmic order. Violation of social harmony can result in Chaos. In political context, rebellion and uprisings are associated with the emperors incompetence of maintaining harmony. Therefore rebellion and uprising can be justified as a necessity to restore social harmony.

Almost in every case, the change of dynasty was caused by rebellion with the intention to restore the old order, the former harmony which existed. (Ruprecht, 2001)

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